Shine Star

Deshpande Fellowship

ABOUT ME, December 11, 2009

Filed under: profession — malabudihal0 @ 7:06 pm

My name is Mallamma. I am from Baglkot, Karnataka. I completed my Masters in Nonprofit Management in the Mysore. I am interested in social work, with a focus on water management, education, and women empowerment issues. First, I would like to work in India, but after that, I hope to live in a foreign country.

Before joining Deshpande I was in Mysore for doing MNPM course, the program aims to prepare students for top LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT roles in Nonprofit organization. During my Master’s Degree I involved in organizing a workshop on personality Development.

I had worked under the “Youth for development Program” as part of the Earn while Learn Program and did my apprenticeship to work under training program for youths as a training coordinator and organized a session on personality development for them.

Apart from this I had been involved in conducting a health awareness camp for self help groups.

I have also attended a spiritual session handled by ISHA FOUNATION, Visit to voluntary organization related to the survey and Field work on the Work related diseases of MCC workers.

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DESHPANDE FOUNDATION:

Filed under: profession — malabudihal0 @ 7:01 pm

The Deshpande Foundation is the family Foundation of Gururaj (“Desh”) and Jaishree Deshpande, of Andover, MA. Founded in 1996, the Deshpande Foundation is one of the leading philanthropic Foundations in Massachusetts and India in the areas of innovation, entrepreneurship and international development. Through its grant making, the Deshpande Foundation has helped launch innovative companies, helped NGOs develop an international presence and launched partnerships with some of the most remarkable change agents in the world today.

The Deshpande foundation develops partnerships with innovative leaders with a new idea, product or service that can potentially benefit million of people and change entire industries.

Entrepreneurship: the Deshpande foundation have come to believe in the powerful role that the entrepreneur can play to change and improve the society for that, Deshpande is giving entrepreneurship training to the younger’s

Growth: the Deshpande Foundation focuses time, energy and resource on helping the best ideas, researchers, entrepreneurs and organizations to achieve their vision.

 

WHAT A LEARNT IN DESHPANDE FOUNDATION IN FREE TRAINING?

Filed under: profession — malabudihal0 @ 6:58 pm

English:

I could not speak English before joining Deshpande Foundation program, because I am from Kannada medium. After joining here, I learnt many things in English, now I am able to speak in English, I have not only learnt the way of speak in English and also learnt many things like presenting about topic in English, analyzing capacity, writing skills, grammar and case studies.

How, I improved my English about that, I am discussing with Madam.

Computer:

I was not familiar with computer before joining Dsehpande Foundation. After joining here, I learnt basic knowledge of computer such as online operations, Microsoft office, and power point presentation and also I learnt how to write exams in computer.

 

I CONDUCTED LEADERSHIP ATIVITIES IN DFP

Filed under: profession — malabudihal0 @ 6:40 pm

LEADERSHIP ACTIVITIES:

Motivation is very important element in child education; in order to gain attention from students one must increase their inner happiness.  Motivation will decrease the dropout rate, and improve the students’ interest in learning. So, motivation is necessary for children to take on leadership roles in school or society.

Deshpande fellow Mallamma Budhihal completed a project in Hubli focused on motivating students in Shivappanna Jogaloru Government School.  Another Deshpande fellow, Drishya, also participated. Her programme started at 9:30am August 15th. In that school, Mallamma talked about student performance, and motivated the students to study better and overcome both academic and family problems.

After finishing the program, the school principal told Mallamma that he enjoyed her speech. The school officials said that whenever they need the fellows to return, they will call us to teach the students. It is also a good opportunity for the fellows to gain experience with leadership activities.

Followers:

I went as a follower in leadership activities of Drishya and Sucheta without any preparation

In Deshpande Fellowship Program, I improved myself within 45 days with of help of faculty. Really it is plus point in my life.

Self Help Group

I went to Self Help group, I talk with them regarding their activities and how self help group in MYRADA in Mysore. I came to know that after talking with them, they having some problems for that, they ask me salutation. I told to file RTI, I collected information for them, I prepared format and I took Rs 10 and I took one member of the self help group because they need to learn that.

  • What is difference between profit, revenue? Revenue (sometimes called sales) refers to all the money a company makes while doing its business be it producing goods or delivering services. Some other sources of funds including investment gains are also referred to as revenue which is reflected as part of its “gross income.”

Profit is the amount of money that the company has left over, if any, after it’ pays off all costs of doing business which includes raw materials, taxes, interest on loans, other routine expenses, remuneration to its staff, etc.. Profit is also referred to as “Net income”

  • Profit is the income over expenditure but revenue the money which you get from your investment without dedication of any penny for tax and other expenditure.
·Revenue - gross income
.Profit - net income 

Followers

I went as followers in leadership activities. In these activities, I was follower in Drishya’s and Sushimitha’s activities. I learnt as leader and follower, how to maintain 15 to 20 people. I learnt this skill in Deshpande Foundation.

 

Entrepreneurship Activities

Filed under: profession — malabudihal0 @ 6:21 pm

l. No Items

Saris

Dress Material

1 Purchased 10 4
2 Sold 4 2
3 Remaining 6 2
Total amount of clothes = 3,000

Total clothes sold = 1200

Total profit =220

Above mentioned in table shows that details about numbers of products sold,

Leanings

  • I improved my convincing capacity
  • I improved my impressing capacity to others
  • I improved my communication skills

Methodology

  • Through showing Photos, I convince the people
  • I told to them, for this dress material and saris no need Istry, like that I impressed
  • After using these saris, it is dirty also you not able identify.

It is helpful to improve our communication. It is helpful to our curare and future also.

Entrepreneurial activities are really leading our life.

 

Village study

Filed under: profession — malabudihal0 @ 6:05 pm

INTRODUCTION

This report is a part of the two day village study program. Each student was required to perform a village study; I collected information in B. Holicutti Kalgatgi Taluk and Dharwad District.

Mallamma , Prithi, and Thippesh , we left at 7 o’clock am and reached the village at 11 o’ clock am.

OBJECTIVE OF THE STUD

To understand the village people’s agricultural practices, daily living circumstances, and socioeconomic situation.

LIMITATION

Due to time limitations, we only spent two days in that village.

We only studied the circumstances of the B. Hulicatti people.

METHODOLOGY OF DATA COLLECTION

I. Interview method

In order to collect information about the village, we interviewed villagers and asked them various questions about their lives.

II. Observation method

In this study, we observed the farmers’ vocational practices and other activities.

III. Method of PRA tools

In the village, we collected information by using Venn diagrams, matrices, timeline diagrams, and layouts.

  • Venn diagram:

Through the Venn diagram, we collected information about organizations which are working well in that community.

  • Matrix

Through matrices, we collected information about the farmers’ resources such as tractors and bandis.

  • Timeline Diagram

Through the timeline diagram, we collected information about the health of the villagers. They have many health problems.

RESULTS

I. Location

B. Hulikatte is a small and wonderful village which includes around 820 people, and consists of 120 households. It is located 30 km away from Hubli, and 16 km away from Kalagatagi Taluk.

II. History

This village has an interesting story. It got its name for the following reason: 200 years ago, there was a thief named Babunayaka. He made people afraid of him, and he stole and snatched things from people. He was a big torture to the people and to the police. One day, people decided to kill him. That’s why the government gave the people 200 acres of land and named the village “Bullanayakana Hulikatte.”

III. Communities

  • Lingayaths understood
  • Marathas
  • Dhobi
  • Harijan
  • Talawar

IV. Demographics

  • Population : 820( male 443 and female 337)
  • No. of families : Around 120
  • Number of Children : 92 (0-5 years) and
  • Handicapped people : 04( 02 male and 02 female)
  • Literacy : 35% among people up to 58 years.
  • Temples : 03
  • Government higher primary school : 01( 1-8th standard)
  • Government Nursery: 01
  • SHG’s : 22 (BAIF-03, SDM-12,Sthri shakti SHG-03, Chatrapathi youths SHG-01 and others-03)
  • Night school :01
  • Gram Panchayath : G.Hulikatte (4km)
  • Medical Shop : No
  • Big Water Tank : 01
  • Common public toilet : No
  • Primary health center : No
  • Veterinary hospital : No

FINDINGS

  • All farmers are interested in agriculture work
  • Villagers are more cooperative
  • They having unity
  • They are not giving more preference to Education because they do not have bus facility to go school after 8th studied.
  • Educated people also after finished their education they coming back to agriculture
  • They not having toilet facility in that village
  • They do not have Bus facility
  • They do not have Hospital and Panchaythi

PERSONAL LEARNINGS

I improved my communication skills.

It is not easy to communicate with village people, because they speak differently. We need to pay more attention in order to successfully communicate with them.

I gained valuable village experience.

For this study, we only visited one village in Dharwad District, but it was still helpful to me. During this period, I learned about the language, lifestyle, and cooperative attitude of the rural population.

I gained report-writing skills

All of our work is conveyed in our final report. Certain methodology has to be followed. I learnt that when we prepare reports, we also gain more computer knowledge.
CONCLUSION

The village study gave me an unexpected learning experience, and many pleasant surprises. I learnt so much during my fieldwork. Now, I know how people live in villages. They face challenging situations every day, such as walking without shoes and spending long hours in the sun, both of which would be very difficult for most people.

 

“A Study on “The Expenditure of each farmer on pathogens controls those who have above 5 acres of land”

Filed under: profession — malabudihal0 @ 5:44 pm

INTRODUCTION

The Deshpande fellows, Thippesh and Mallamma both studying on “The Expenditure of each farmer on pathogen control those who have above 5 acres of land” in Hulikatte village. Because when they went first time to Hulikatte village for their village study module they found some crop diseases on farmers land and their management of these pathogens while they had interaction with the villagers. During the second village stay they visited 24 houses and met head of the household in each houses for gathering the information based on their objectives of statement.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

  • To understand the major diseases affecting on crops in Hulikatte geographical area
  • To study the expenditure on pathogens control
  • To know the control measures on pathogens.

HYPOTHESIS OF THE STUDY

  • Farmers are highly concentrative on the prevention of pathogen for the economical survival rather than changing the crops.

EXPLANATION OF THE TOPIC

In Hulikatte village, many farmers grow crops in their land like sugarcane, cotton, paddy, maize, soya been, jawar and turdal. This village has black soil, which yields a lot of cotton, paddy and sugarcane. However, there some crops are affected by disease. Farmers invested a lot of time and hard work in the fields, but the crop yield is less than it should be. Due to this reason, their profit is reducing every season. That’s why some farmers are losing these commercial crops and they are now growing other crops. However, this does not generate enough income to fulfill their family’s needs. So this study is mainly focusing to understand the expenditure of each farmer on pathogen control those who have above 5 acres of land.

The Hulikatte village is having 820 population and 140 families. 90% of the families are related to agricultural occupation. 45% of the farmers’ own above 5 acres of land. Usually farmers have been using pesticides and fertilizers for controlling the pathogens. But cost of these materials is very high. During the pathogens period farmers’ lost their crops and their money, which they invest for control measures. Even though the government and other agro agencies are not taking any initiation for controlling these diseases. So this studies shown that the understandings of each farmer’s contribution on control their crop pathogens.

METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION

The following methodologies were used by the fellows during the village study module.

  1. 1. Questionnaire:

Questionnaire is set of questions. This questionnaire is helping us to collect information regarding particular topic/subject. The each farmer’s were asked by the fellows, which consisted below mentioned questionnaire. This questionnaire was consists of personal information and other questions.

  • Name of House hold and members
  • Age and sex
  • Marital status
  • Literacy status
  • Relationship with household
  • Occupation
  • Total land holding
  • Name of the crops
  • Land used
  • Name of the pathogens
  • Name of the fertilizers and quantity and amount in spent
  • Name of the pesticides and quantity and amount in spent
  • Total expenditure.
  • Please describe us the varieties of crops you grow.
  • What are the types of seeds, fertilizers and pesticides you use for your crops? Please provide the retail prices of those.
  • What are your primary and secondary sources of irrigation?
  • Which crop diseases have farmers in the Hulikatte area faced during the last five years? Which diseases are predicted for the 2009-2010 seasons?
  • Please provide details about the amount of time and money spent on various tasks such as sowing, weeding, harvesting, and marketing for cotton and sugar cane over the last five years.
  • What is the maximum profit you get from these crops and does it satisfy you?
  • What are the measures you take to prevent crop disease, and what other methods will you use to improve crop cultivation?
  • Are any attempts being made by the local government to prevent the spread of crop disease before harvest?

2. Survey method:

When the Fellows were stayed in the village, they used survey methodology for their research. They took 24 families for doing survey. In this method, the fellow visited different houses in the different streets of the village. Through this survey they collected particular information regarding the Expenditure of each farmer on pathogen control those who have above 5 acres of land”. This survey is helped them to build primary relationship.
3. Interview method:

An interview is a conversation between two or more people (the interviewer and the interviewee) where questions are asked by the interviewer to. Fellows used this methodology in village study for collect information regarding their subject.

4. Observation method:

This is a method of data collection in which the situation of interest is watched and the relevant facts, actions and behaviors are recorded. Fellows used this methodology to collect more information about the Expenditure of each farmer on pathogen control those who have above 5 acres of land”. It helped us to understand more aspects in the village and during the research also it gave more knowledge about village.

*The following table shown that the details of Crops, Diseases and cost of the controlling measures:

Sl.

no

Name of the crops Types of crops Name of the pathogen Name of the fertilizers Cost/50kg bag Name of the pesticides Cost/ltr REMARKS
1 Sugar cane 80-11, 032 and Ganagavathi Leaf Scorch, Red rot, Brown spot, Black strip, Leaf blast, Red rot, White rash, and Yellow spot. ORG.MAN 400/T Endosulfon 600 DAP is used two times like During sowing & after weeding In each crop season.
DAP 545 Nuvacron 400

400

UREA 320

320

Rogar 220

220

17-17 400 Neemarin 300
20-20 460 Monoco- trapas

Monoco-

trofash

360
POTASH 250 ZYPSUM 300/5kg
2 Cotton BT,DCH,105, Aphids, Jassids, White files, Mirid bugs, stem borers, boll worms, American bollworms, pink bollworm and leaf spot. Note:

1. Many of the formers have been used fertilizers in earlier. Because of the protect crops from the pathogens, which will be a diseases affecting on crops after planting or during the young plant and also some of the farmers used for fast growing of the crops.

2. Neemarin-1500 is a name the pesticides which is used for control the mangoes diseases. Rests of the fertilizers are used for all the crops.

3 Maize Allround, CP, Citax and rajkumar Aphids, Red jassids
4 Paddy Inton, Jaya, MTU-1001, Udarsali, Dodighya and Abilash White Aphids and spotted worm.
5 Jawar Hybrid and White jawar —————
6 Soya been Jawari Weeding and Cold (due to heavy rain fall)
7 Ragi Jawari —————
8 Mango Afosa Flower Falling

FINDINGS (Results)

  • Many of the farmers are not interested in using pesticides on their crops because cost of the pesticides is very high and as well as lack of availability of quality pesticides is also the main reason.
  • Farmers believe that the fertilizers also play a major role to prevent the diseseas on crops that’s why they use more fertilizers and also farmers preserved traditionally attitude towards pathogens(God gift diseases)
  • Farmers are losing these commercial crops and they are now growing other crops. However, this does not generate enough income to fulfill their family’s needs.
  • Lack of water in dry land also creates some crop pathogens even having the bore well also.
  • Lack of crop rotation and space between the plants row also the main reason for improving the pathogen.
  • Lack of labors also impacts on pathogens because cost of the laboring is high.
  • Due to heavy raining also crops are affecting in pathogens and lost their growing stage.

LEARNINGS

During our village study we gained following valuable village experience.

  • We learnt about pathogen in agriculture and interest of the farmers on pathogens.
  • In B. Hulikatte, for this study we only visited one village in Dharwad District, but it was still helpful to us. During this period, we learnt about the language, lifestyle, and cooperative attitude by the villagers.
  • We were able adjust with the environment and practices of the village.

UNLEARNINGS

Before entering the village we had a some preconceived opinion about pathogens that the many diseases affecting only by insects not an other reasons. So really there are many reasons are existed in that village like heavy raining, traditional methods, uniformity in crops etc.

SUGGESTION

  1. Changing the Crop rotation.
  2. For away from traditional method.
  3. Adopt modern cultivation methods and technology.
  4. Importance of Home produced manure and organic manure.
  5. Subsidy on fertilizers and pesticides should be available to the farmers.

CONCLUSION

The control of plant diseases and plant pathogens is of great significance in agriculture. There is great incentive to discover biologically active natural products from higher plants that are better than synthetic agrochemicals and are much safer, from a health and environmental point-of-view. The development of natural products such as herbicides, fungicides, and their role in biological control of plant diseases, indicates a reduction in environmental and health hazards. Required techniques offer a real future in solving several problems, for instance biological control of plant pests.